My Dad is an Investor. I say Investor with a capital I because I remember him studying investments in his home office (aka my brother’s former bedroom) for hours when I was a teenager.
He’s the first early retiree I knew. So when he shared a bit of his investment philosophy with me, I listened.
In spite of being in his late 60’s at the time and retired with no significant pension, he continued to be invested very aggressively and held very little of his investments in bonds.
He said Social Security was his bond portfolio.
This approach worked well for him. He’s now in his late 70’s and running out of money is not even possible (he was also the first frugal person I knew!). Though he recognizes he would have been better off investing in index funds and saving the hours he pored over investment reports.
I’ve followed in his footsteps on many things and I’m following him on this one too.
I’m also invested very aggressively. I’m 80% invested in the stock market. More than half of my investments are in a single fund–Vanguard’s total stock market index fund (VTSAX) or an exchange traded fund that is very comparable to VTSAX. I have about five years’ living expenses in banks and money funds and a tiny bit of bonds. This cash helps me feel comfortable with my large exposure to the stock market–I shouldn’t have to sell stocks in a major downturn.
There are two primary reasons I’m not invested in bonds. One is the stabilizing force my future social security payments have on my portfolio. The other is the inherent risk long-term bonds have in the current, low interest rate environment.
The Social Security Administration tells me I should receive about $2,500 a month plus future cost of living adjustments when I reach my full retirement age of 67 (login to SSA.gov to check yours). The actuarial tables tell me I should live to about 86 so I should receive 19 years of payments before I’m done. The present value of those payments is over $400,000. So I can say I have $400,000 invested in bond equivalents. Only Social Security is even better than a bond because it escalates with inflation.
Some of you would say I shouldn’t count on receiving Social Security–the fund is running out, future contributions won’t support payments etc. Our elected representatives will need to pull their heads out of the sand and make changes so the fund is sustainable. Though I’m confident these changes won’t affect me significantly, I include only a reduced payment in my long-term plan. Here’s one time when being older is a good thing–our elected rep’s aren’t likely to muck with a (voluntarily) low income baby boomer’s retirement. We vote and being a baby boomer makes me sound even older than I am. It won’t hurt that Mr. Ms. Liz is 8 years my senior–there’s no way they’ll be mucking with his Social Security.
Traditionally, bonds have been a low risk/low reward investment. They act as a stabilizing force on a diversified portfolio. Their value doesn’t tend to swing much and their value often goes up when stocks go down.
But, with interest rates currently at historic lows, I believe there are significant risks in the bond market. A general rule of thumb is that for every 1% increase in interest rate, the value of the bond decreases 1% for every year of maturity. If I paid $1,000 for a bond that matures in 10 years, my bond is worth only $900 if interest rates go up 1%. With bonds paying about 2% today, the potential decrease in bond value seems to me like significant risk without adequate reward.
I prefer to invest almost fully in the stock market. I expect sometimes scary volatility but I expect to be rewarded for the risk I am taking.
What do you think–is my Social Security as bond approach crazy? How do you factor Social Security into your financial plan?
Investing is risky, this reflects my opinion and is for informational purposes only. Proceed with caution, do your research and seek professional advice if necessary.